Mental Health (latest draft page July 2020)
Key Messages (Summer 2020)
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Note: This report is based on key indicators that are at the time the data was published suggests we are in either a positive and a negative position.
Advice for parents and carers on looking after the mental health and wellbeing of children or young people during the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak.
Coronavirus (Covid-19) and mental health
If you’re worried about the impact of coronavirus on your mental health, you are not alone. The COVID-19 pandemic is a new and uncertain time for all of us, so it is only natural that it will affect our mental health in different ways. However you are feeling right now is valid. With the right help and support, we can all get through this.
The coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak is quite literally having an impact on everyone’s daily lives, as the government and the NHS take necessary steps to manage the outbreak, reduce transmission and treat those who need medical attention.
So any data, information and insight that the following Public Health Profiles and other sources present will not yet be able to reflect the true gravity and depth of impact of this virus, and the changes we are subsequently encountering.
This page, its content and information across the site will continue to change over the coming months to reflect this new reality and the resulting impact on our mental health. If you are aware of content that could enhance this resource - then please do get in touch.
COVID-19: mental health and wellbeing surveillance report (September 2020)
- ONS published the first Mental health and wellbeing surveillance report which will be published regularly moving forwards.
- The report looks at population mental health and wellbeing in England during the COVID-19 pandemic by compiling routinely updated indicators from multiple sources and summarises important findings from ongoing surveys.
Covid-19 and the nation's mental health (October 2020)
A new study from the Centre for Mental Health estimates that 8.5 million adults and 1.5 million children in England will need support for depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorders and other mental health difficulties in the coming months and years.
This is the equivalent of 20% of all adults and 15% of all children.
The report says two-thirds of the people who will need support have existing mental health difficulties and may already be receiving care and treatment.
The pandemic may mean they need more support, while others will need help with their mental health for the first time.
Depression in British adults doubles during coronavirus crisis (August 2020)
- The Guardian are reporting that the ONS study shows almost 20% experienced depression, with female, younger and disabled adults most affected
The mental health emergency: how has the coronavirus pandemic impacted our mental health?
A survey of more than 16,000 people during lockdown by the charity Mind has revealed the scale of the impact of the pandemic on people with mental health problems.
Two out of three (65 per cent) adults over 25 and three-quarters (75 per cent) of young people aged 13-24 with an existing mental health problem reported worse mental health.
The mental health effects of the first two months of lockdown and social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK. IFS Working Paper IFS Working Paper W20/16 (Institute of Fiscal Studies (IFS) (June 2020)
This report finds that the COVID-19 episode has had substantial negative impacts on mental health across the population.
The biggest impacts have been on the gender and age groups – broadly women and the young – that already had relatively low levels of mental health.
Pre-existing inequalities in mental health have therefore been exacerbated by the crisis.
Advice for parents and carers on looking after the mental health and wellbeing of children or young people during the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. Updated with guidance on 'support bubbles'.
New Emerging Evidence series explores the impact of coronavirus on young people’s mental health (Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families) (June 2020)
In collaboration with the Child Outcomes Research Consortium, the Evidence Based Practice Unit at the Anna Freud Centre and UCL has launched Emerging Evidence, a series of rapid reviews to search for evidence from around the world during the current coronavirus pandemic.
The series aims to help us understand the impact of the pandemic on children and young people’s mental health, by exploring some key questions:
What are the key mental health challenges for children and young people during the coronavirus pandemic?
Are there any particularly vulnerable groups?
What might help children and young people to manage these challenges?
You can read Issue 2 and Issue 1 of the Emerging Evidence series, and find more research-focused resources about children and young people’s mental health and the coronavirus pandemic on the Anna Freud Centre website.
Coronavirus: Impact on young people with mental health needs Survey 2: Summer 2020.
- The findings in this report are the results of a second survey YoungMinds carried out into the impact of coronavirus on young people with a history of mental health needs. (First Report)
COVID-19: understanding inequalities in mental health during the pandemic
- This briefing paper, produced by Centre for Mental Health and supported by 13 other national mental health charities, explores the mental health inequalities that are associated with the pandemic in the UK.
Guidance for the public on the mental health and wellbeing aspects of coronavirus (COVID-19) (June 2020)
The coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak is having an impact on everyone’s daily lives, as the government and the NHS take necessary steps to manage the outbreak, reduce transmission and treat those who need medical attention.
It may be difficult, but by following government guidance to stay alert, you are helping to protect yourself, your family, the NHS and your community.
During this time, you may be bored, frustrated or lonely. You may also feel low, worried, anxious, or be concerned about your health or that of those close to you. These are all common reactions to the difficult situation we face. Everyone reacts differently to events and changes in the way that we think, feel and behave vary between different people and over time. It’s important that you take care of your mind as well as your body.
This Government guidance will offer you support and advice to consider.
Setting the scene for Mental Health
Mental health problems often begin in childhood: it is known that 50% of mental illness in adult life (excluding dementia) starts before age 15 and 75% starts by age 18. Therefore tackling problems when they first emerge is both important and cost effective. Early treatment is important as mental health problems in childhood have been shown to be associated with poor outcomes in adulthood.
Mental illness has wide-reaching effects on people’s education, employment, physical health, and relationships. Although many effective mental health interventions are available, people often do not seek the help they need due to the various types of stigma that still surround mental illness. Hence the importance of widely available self-help information and anti-stigma interventions within prevention programmes, as well as taking action to reduce risk factors.
The World Health Organization (2005) defines mental health as “a state of wellbeing in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community”.
As in the WHO’s definition of health (“a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”), mental health is not just the absence of illness, but requires an additional positive ‘something’ to be present in the individual. Thus, the concept of an individual’s mental health state is increasingly being uncoupled from mental illness.
Mental health and wellbeing consists of emotional wellbeing or happiness, psychological wellbeing and social wellbeing.
Psychological wellbeing is sometimes defined as consisting of six dimensions: positive evaluation of oneself and one’s past life (self-acceptance); a sense of continued growth and development as a person; the belief that one’s life is purposeful and meaningful; the possession of quality relations with others; the capacity to manage effectively one’s life and surrounding world (environmental mastery); and a sense of self-determination (autonomy).
Social wellbeing has been defined as “individuals’ perceptions of the quality of their relationships with other people, their neighbourhoods, and their communities” with social wellbeing being made up of various dimensions including social integration, social acceptance, social contribution, social actualization and social coherence.
Life affects us all differently. We all go through difficult times, and negative emotions can be a healthy reaction to the challenges we face. But for many of us, things can become more serious, and each year as many as 1 in 4 of us experiences a mental health problem.
Being aware of what can affect our mental health can make it easier to understand when we, or someone we care about, are struggling, and helps us think about what we can do to improve things or where to get support.
Some things that affect our mental health include our:
- upbringing and environment, which shapes our brain development when young and opportunities throughout life
- experiences, like our relationships, how we are treated, our financial situation, work, where we live, physical health, life events and the changes we go through
- genes and temperament, which may make some of us more likely to develop certain kinds of mental health problems when combined with our life experiences
All of these influence how we think about, make sense of and respond to challenges and opportunities in life.
How we think about ourselves, the people and the world around us and the future, is a result of the things that happen to us. But it also has profound implications for our mental health.
There are many situations or life events that can affect us and make us feel distressed or less able to cope. We all respond to life's challenges differently – there's no single "right way" to react.
It may be everyday events, one-off experiences or several things building up. Even experiences that are positive can be difficult to cope with sometimes.
How we feel is often a completely natural reaction to challenges. But for some of us, these feelings can become more difficult to manage, especially if they do not go away – after a while, what we're experiencing affects our daily life.
Some things that affect our mental wellbeing include:
- personal life and relationships
- money, work or housing
- life changes
- health issues
- traumatic life events
- smoking, alcohol, gambling and drug misuse
This visual also considers the impact of Covid-19 on our mental health
There is now accepted understanding and recognition that mental health is more than the absence of mental illness and that good mental health underpins everything we do, how we think, feel, act and behave. It is an essential and precious individual, family, community and business resource that needs to be protected and enhanced.
People with higher levels of good mental health and wellbeing have better general health use health services less, live longer, have better educational outcomes, are more likely to undertake healthier lifestyles including reduced smoking and harmful levels of drinking, are more productive at work, take less time off sick, have higher income, have stronger social relationships and are more social.
Higher levels of mental wellbeing are also associated with reduced levels of mental ill-health in adulthood.
Facts & Figures: Local and National
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Please note - Mental Health content will continue to be developed over time - please keep in touch and return for updates and added content