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Transport

The relationship between transport and health is multiple, cross-cutting and complex. Transport Policy is at the heart of a number of key themes, directly impacting upon the health of Wirral Residents and is an important contributory factor to health inequalities when transport needs are not met.

Not only is an effective transport system key in enabling access to employment, education and training opportunities, health services and leisure and recreational activities, it also influences the local climate, economy and social equity across the Borough, all of which, in turn, can have an impact on the health of Wirral residents. 
Making provision for encouraging active and sustainable modes of transport are also key in directly improving the health and wellbeing of the local community. 


So transport can influence health outcomes in a number of ways, both positively and negatively. We will be developing our available content around the following issues:

Considered health promoting

  • Enables access to employment, shops, recreation, social support networks, health services and countryside
  • Recreation
  • Exercise
  • Economic Development
Potentially health damaging
  • Road Traffic Injuries
  • Pollution
  • Noise
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Danger
  • Loss of land and planning blight
  • Communities dividied by road and other transport
  • Constraints on mobility access and independence
  • Reduced social use of outdoor space due to traffic

Reports

Active travel: a briefing for local authorities (May 2016)
This guide suggests a range of practical action for local authorities, from overall policy to practical implementation. It highlights the importance of community involvement and sets out steps for transport and public health practitioners. View the guide.

Child Road Safety in Great Britain 2010-2014 (RAC Foundation) (April 2016)
This report looks at child road casualties in Great Britain for the five years between 2010 and 2014. It looks at how children travel, the geographical distribution of child casualties and how the time of day, a child’s age, gender, travel mode and the socio-demographic background of the community impact on child road casualties. 

  • The statistics for annual child casualties per 10,000 resident children by local authority placed Wirral as 135th worst performing out of 378 local authority areas of Great Britain at 16.15 average child casualties (aged 0-15) per 10,000 resident children close to Great Britain average of 15.31 with the lowest being Shetland Islands at 4.54 per 10,000 and highest as Blackpool at 30.84 per 10,000 resident children.
  • When considering the annual child killed and seriously Injured (KSI) casualties per 10,000 resident children, for the period 2010-2014, and ranked by Local Authority Wirral was placed 40th worst performing out of 378 local authority areas in Great Britain with an annual average for child KSI casualties (aged 0-15) of 2.89 per 10,000 resident children, a total of 86 killed or seriously injured (KSI) casualties in that 5 year period or an average 17.2 child KSI casualties per year. 

Executive Report can be accessed here - Factsheet here  - Local Authority Tables here
Also see Crashmap for a free local online map on a range of road related casualties (other services are payable)

Key documents

Crashmap is a mapping tool that provides an overview of traffic related casualties for UK using nationally available data. 
CrashMap is designed to be an extremely easy to use tool that will allow you to find out information about road traffic crashes on Britain’s roads. This is based on official Government data that has processed to make it much more accessible to members of the public. You may be a concerned resident or interested in buying a house in a particular area, you might be a member of a parish council or you might be considering the impact of a potential new development on roads in a locality; whatever your needs are this site is designed to help you get access to the information you want cheaply and easily. Access Crashmap

What are we doing? Wirral response to Travel and Transport needs (Update - May 2016)

Trauma and Injury Intelligence Group - Biannual Bulletin (July 2015)
Arrowe Park Hospital Emergency Department - April 2014 to March 2015

Transport & Health (Briefing Statement (Faculty of Public Health) 
This report highlights some of the key issues that transport plans and planners are looking to address locally and nationally.

Healthy transport = Healthy lives (BMA, 2012)
People have always wanted to reach destinations quickly, safely and efficiently. But as the UK transport environment has become increasingly complex, transport's impact on health has become unnecessarily harmful - to the point where it is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The report aims to show the positive effect that integrating health into transport policy will have and we propose areas for action that prioritise health for all relevant transport sectors. Access report here

Transport and Health Resource: Delivering Healthy Local Transport Plans (Department of Health, 2011) 

National Transport Report 2013/2014

Transport Plan for Growth (Liverpool City Region Combined Authority)
With the creation of the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority there was a need to bring together the existing Merseyside and Halton Local Transport Plans. A Transport Plan for Growth sets out the City Region's strategic vision and delivery plan for transport and also looks to foster greater collaborative working across the Combined Authority. Access the plan.

Further Information 

How we travel (February 2015)
This latest instalment in the 
Office for National Statistics UK Perspectives series presents some key statistics relating to how passenger transport has changed over time in Great Britain. Access the webpage.

The Department for Transport (DfT) has published a series of reports which set out the latest cost-benefit evidence from studies in investment in walking and cycling.

1. Claiming the Health Dividend examines information on health benefits alongside other benefits such as savings in travel time, congestion and accidents. The typical benefit-cost ratios identified are considerably greater than the threshold of 4:1 which is considered by the DfT as ‘very high’ value for money. Access the report.

2. Value for Money Assessment for the Local Sustainable Transport Fund (LTSF)

3. Value for Money Assessment for Cycling Grants 

These assessments concluded that the 12 projects that received LSTF funding represent a combined return on investment of at least 5:1 and that the combined benefit-cost ratio for the whole Cycling City Ambition and Cycling in National Parks Grants funding stream is 5.5:1. All these programmes are therefore considered to deliver very high value for money.

Key information sources for you to consider:
Health and social care outcomes frameworks (Collection)
Public Health England Data and Knowledge Gateway
NHS Digital
Child and Maternal Health