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Equality & Diversity - Protected Characteristics

What is the Equality Act?

The Equality Act came into force on 1st October 2010. The Equality Act brought together over 116 separate pieces of legislation into one single Act. Combined, they made up a new Act that provides a legal framework to protect the rights of individuals and advance equality of opportunity for all.

What are protected characteristics?

It is against the law to discriminate against anyone because of:

  • age
  • being or becoming a transsexual person
  • being married or in a civil partnership
  • being pregnant or on maternity leave
  • disability
  • race including colour, nationality, ethnic or national origin
  • religion, belief or lack of religion/belief
  • sex
  • sexual orientation

These are called ‘protected characteristics’.

You’re protected from discrimination:

  • at work
  • in education
  • as a consumer
  • when using public services
  • when buying or renting property
  • as a member or guest of a private club or association

You’re legally protected from discrimination by the Equality Act 2010 Legislation and summarised at Equality and Human Rights Commission website

What is our local understanding in Wirral?

On this webpage we are collating from a range of known sources the local content that will provide a greater insight for our area in relation to the 9 protected characteristics.

The pages will be under review as we seek further opportunities to enhance our local understanding, and from a range of sources, so do please keep calling back to check for any changes and updates.

 

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Local Content

  • GP Registered Population by 5-Year Age Group and Gender, Wirral Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), March 2018 Picture View or Data Table

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Equality and Diversity - Protected Characteristics

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Local Content

  • People in Wirral who report they have some sort of disability/health problem that affects their day-to-day activities a lot/little, 2011 Picture View or Data Table 
  • People aged 16-64 who are economically inactive due to permanent sickness/disability, 2011 Picture View or Data Table 

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Equality and Diversity - Protected Characteristics

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National Content

Estimates of the prevalence and incidence of gender dysphoria and Transsexualism are difficult to quantify due to the lack of robust national data. Commissioning of health services for gender dysphoria has historically been based on the results of a Scottish primary care study published in 1999 which estimated a prevalence of 8.18 per 100,000 population aged over 15 years.

In other research, estimated prevalence was 20 per 100,000, and estimated incidence was 3 per 100,000 aged 15 and over per year presenting for treatment in the UK.  These figures were estimated from numbers of those seeking treatment for gender dysphoria at Gender Identity Clinics in the UK, so are thought to be underestimates due to the number of individuals who do not seek medical help in the UK.

Local Content

Importantly, estimations of prevalence and incidence of gender dysphoria do not include individuals from the wider Trans community who may experience gender discomfort but do not wish to reassign their gender. A recent GIRES publication estimates that 1% of the UK population experience some level of gender discomfort. In Wirral this translates to an estimate of 3,210 individuals who may be in need of health and other services.

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Equality and Diversity - Protected Characteristics

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Local Content

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  • Trend in low birth weight babies, with 95% confidence limits, Wirral and England 2001 to 2015, Picture View or Data Table

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Equality and Diversity - Protected Characteristics

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Local Content

  • Percentage of individuals in each broad ethnic group at Wirral ward level, 2011 Picture View or Data Table 

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Equality and Diversity - Protected Characteristics

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Local Content

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Equality and Diversity - Protected Characteristics

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Equality and Diversity - Protected Characeristics

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Local Content

Given personal sensitivity regarding sexual orientation, limited reliable information is available on the numbers of LGB, and estimates are likely to under-estimate true numbers.

The 2011 Census did not have a specific question regarding sexual orientation, but found that 466 people (0.18% of the 16+ Borough population) reported being in a same sex Civil Partnership.

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Equality and Diversity - Protected Characteristics

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